Past Continuous Tense – English Grammar Guide

I have already  discussed  about the important of English grammar and tenses. We know that, English has become an international language. In this era, everyone want to speak in English. But problem is that majority people face number of problems because they can’t speak and learn English. For speak English, we should have gone to basic English grammar and tenses. As we know that, the example of tenses is like a tree which has three large branches and every branch a four small branches. We have discussed, in our previous articles about the first large branch which is “Present” and their small branches names are:

  1. Present Indefinite Tense.
  2. Present Continuous Tense.
  3. Present Perfect Tense.
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

Past Continuous Tense:

Like a “present” second large branch is “Past” and their small branches names are:

  1. Past Indefinite Tense.
  2. Past Continuous Tense.
  3. Past Perfect Tense.
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

In this article, we will discussion about the  identification and structure of past continuous tense


Past continuous tense show to the work which started in past and still is continue in the sense of speaking. On the other hand, we can say that,  past continuous tense show an incomplete action.

In past continuous tense we use helping verb“Was/Were” with “First form of verb” and “Ing”.

Use Of Was/Were:

We use “Was” with (He, She, It, Singular name).

We use “Were” with (I, We, You, They).

Structure Of Simple past continuous tense:

Subject + Helping verb (was/were) + First form of verb + Ing + Object.

For example:

  1. I was going to school.
  2. Children were taking part in sports and games.
  3. We were eating food.
  4. Aliza was writing an essay on  Science and Information Technology.
  5. They were talking about the Fashion.

Past Continuous Tense In Negative Sentences:

In negative sentence we use “Wasn’t” after the “subject”  and before the a “First form of verb”

Structure Of Past Continuous In Negative Sentences:

Subject + Helping verb (wasn’t/weren’t) + First form of verb + Ing + Object.

For example:

  1. They weren’t Playing football,
  2. Aliza wasn’t writing an essay on Women role in society.
  3. They weren’t taking about the Social media.
  4. She wasn’t singing a song.
  5. We weren’t going to school.

Past Continuous Tense In Interrogative Sentences:

In interrogative sentences we use “Was/Were”  before the subject.

Structure Of Past Continuous In Interrogative Sentences:

Helping verb (was/were) + Subject + First form of verb + Ing + Object.

For example:

  1. Was he going to school?
  2. Were children cleaning the house?
  3. Were they playing football?
  4. Was she singing a song?
  5. Was Aliza writing an essay on blessing of science for human beings?

Remember Always !!

Simple past continuous tense:

(He, She, It, Singular name) Was

(I, We, You, They) Were

In Negative:

(He, She, It, Singular name) Wasn’t

(I, We, You, They) Weren’t

In Interrogative:

Was (He, She, It, Singular name)

Were (I, We, You, They)

Test Of  Intelligence:

True & false:

  1. She was doing homework.
  2. Aliza eating food.
  3. They weren’t go to school.
  4. Was Aliza singing a song?
  5. They were play cricket.


  1. True
  2. False
  3. False
  4. True
  5. False

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

I have already given you three lecture about the present tenses. We know that tense like a tree,this tree has three large  branches and every branch has four small branches like the first branch is “present”.There small branches names are:

We have already discuss about the first three branches of present in previous articles.Now,we will discuss about the present perfect continuous tense.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

Present perfect continuous tense shows that, the work which was started in the past and this work is still continuous in present.Like a present perfect tense, this tense has relevant with the Present perfect continuous tense.

The structure of present perfect continuous tense like present perfect tense.

In present perfect continuous tense helping verbs are Has been,Have been.

      • Has been use with Singular subject
      • Have been use with Plural subject

We use Has been when subjects are He,she,it,singular name
We use Have been when subjects are I,we,they,you
ing use with 1st form of verb in present perfect continuous tense.
In the present perfect continuous tense,we use Since,For for time being.
We use Since for exact time.
For example:

    • Date.
    • 1996 year.

We use For for not exact time.

For example:

  • Three hours.
  • Ten O’ clock.
  • Five minutes.

 Structure Of Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

Subject + Helping verb (Has been,Have been) + ing + 1st form of verb + Object

For example:

  • The children have been playing games for two hours.
  • She has been studying  for three hours.
  • He has been working on his new project since 1996.
  • The students have been writing essay on Fashion and Women role in a society for twenty minutes.
  • We have been listing the news for five minutes.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense In Negative Tense:

In negative tense,we use Not in the mid of Has been/Have been

Structure Of present perfect continuous Tense In Negative Tense:

Subject  +   Helping verb (Has been,Have been)  +Not  +  ing  +  1st form of verb  +  Object

For example:

  • The boys have not been making a noise for one hour.
  • The horse has not been running for ten hours.
  • He has been working on his project since 1996.
  • The child has been weeping for two hours.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense In Interrogative Tense:

In interrogative tense,we use subject in the mid of Has been/Have been

Structure Of present perfect continuous tense In Interrogative Tense:

Has/Have + Subject + been + ing + 1st form of verb + Object

For example:

  • Have boys been making a noise for one hour?
  • Has he been working on his project since 1996?
  • Has child been weeping for two hours?
  • Has horse been running for ten hours?

Remember Always:

Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

In simple:

  •  He,she,it,single name has been playing.
  • I,we,you,they have been playing.

In negative:

  • He,she,it,single name has not been playing.
  • I,we,you,they have not been playing.

In interrogative:

  • Has He,she,it,single name been playing.
  • Have I,we,you,they been playing.

Test Your Intelligence:

  1. Eliza _________ watching T.V for one hour.
  2. _________ Alan and Eliza been  playing football for  fifteen minutes?
  3. The girls _________ cooking food for one hour.


  1. Has been
  2. Have
  3. Have been

Let  us know that, about your inspirational ideas about this article. You should also learn Basic English Grammar For Beginner to accomplish your skills. If you have better one ideas and skillful knowledge then share with us. We love to listen it and publish it on our site. For more discussion concern with post, you can discuss below.

Present Perfect Tense – English Verb

Like a previous articles,which are related with sentences. Now a day, We will again talk about the sentences. In the previous, articles we have discuss about the grammar and sentences.The names of the articles, which are related with grammar and sentences. Names are:

Now, we will discuss about the present perfect tense that what is identification and structure of present perfect tense. Present perfect tense is the third branch of present tense.

Identification of Present Perfect Tense:

Present perfect tense show that to the work which has done in present.This tense disclose the link with the past in present.In this tense,we don’t mention time like present perfect continuous tense.

In present perfect tense helping verbs are (Has,Have).

  • “Has” use with “singular subject”
  • “Have” use with “plural subject”

We use “Has” when subjects are (He,she,it,single name).

We use “Have” when subjects are (I,we,you,they).

We use  “Third form of verbs” in present perfect tense.

Structure Of Simple Present Perfect Tense:

Subject+Helping verb (Has,Have)+Third form of verb+Object.

For example:

Present Perfect Tense In Negative Sentences:

In negative sentences,we use “Not” with “Has” or “Have”.We use “Has not” or “Have not” after the subject and before the verb.

Structure Of Present Perfect Tense In Negative Sentences:

Subject+Helping verb (Has,Have)+Not+Third form of verb+Object.

For example:

  • I have not taken tea.
  • The students have not written an essay on Blessing of science.
  • Women have not cooked food.
  • She has not read book.
  • Children has not played games.

Present Perfect Tense In Interrogative Sentences:

In interrogative sentences helping verb used before subject.

Structure Of Present Perfect Tense In Interrogative Sentences:

Helping verb (Has,Have)+Subject+Third form of verb+Object.

For example:

  • Has teacher teaching the students about the Manners and Etiquette?
  • Have they wasted their time on social media?
  • Have children listened story?
  • Has it rain?
  • Has she not read book?

Remember Always:

Present perfect tense:

In simple:

  • (He,she,it,single name) has played.
  • (I,we,you,they) have played.

In negative:

  • (He,she,it,single name) has not played
  • (I,we,you,they) have not played.

In interrogative:

  • Has (He,she,it,single name) played?
  • Have (I,we,you,they) played?

Test Your Intelligence:

  1. She______ prepared the paper.
  2. ______ they played hockey?
  3. ______ Ali not written a letter?
  4.  Children has ______ gone to school.
  5. I______ lost my ring.


  1. Has
  2. Have
  3. Has
  4. Not
  5. Have

Let us know that, How much you earn the knowledge. Solve the above following test for best practice as yourself. Hopefully, This will be Better for your bright future. For more question join me through comments.

Simple or Present Indefinite Tense

Simple or Present Indefinite Tense:

Word”Tense” derived from “Latin”word tempus. Its mean time.There are three types of tenses.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

Present tense can be divide in subdivision.

  • Present Indefinite Tense
  • Present continuous  Tense
  • Present Perfect  Tense
  • Present Perfect Continuous

Past tense and Future tense also have some divines like present tense.

Parts Of Sentence:

A sentence has three parts.

  • Subject
  • Verb
  • Object


Subject is a person who do work.For example:He,she ,you,we etc.


Verb is an action.For example :Eating,Listening etc.


Work done on it.For example:

  • “She washes clothes”In this example she works on “clothes”

Now, in this lesson we will discuss about the present indefinite tense.

Simple or Present Indefinite Tense:

Simple or Present indefinite tense show that work do in present time.We use”1st form of verb” with“s” or“es”.

When subject is He,she,it or singular name.

Structure of simple or present indefinite tense ,when we use “s”or“es”

Subject+1st form of verb+s/es+Object.

Present Indefinite Tense

For example:

  • He goes to school.

We use only 1st form of verb,When subject is (I,we they,you) too.

Structure of simple or present indefinite tense when subject is (I ,we,they,you).

Subject+1st form of verb+Object.

For example:

  • I go to school.


If verb and in these letters (SS,o,x,sh,ch,ox) then we use “es”.

For example:

  • Go=Goes
  • Like=Likes
  • Wash=Washes
  • Catch=Catches

Examples Of Simple or Present Indefinite Tense:

  • Muteeba makes tea.
  • It rains.
  • You tell a lie
  • They play cricket everyday.
  • We take exercise in the garden.
  • He polishes his shoes.

Negative Sentences:

In negative sentences we use“Don’t”or “Doesn’t”with subject.

  • Don’t use with (I,we,you they).
  • Doesn’t use with (He,she,it or single name).

Structure of present indefinite tense in negative sentence.



In negative sentences,We don’t use “s” or “es” with verb.

For example:

  • He doesn’t tell a lie.
  • They don’t wash the cloth.
  • I don’t write a letter.

interrogative Sentences:

In interrogative sentences “Do”or“Does” use before the subject.

Structure of present indefinite tense in interrogative sentence.


Do use with(I,we,you,they).

Does use with (He,she,it,single name).

For example:

  • Does he work hard?
  • Do you clean your teeth everyday?
  • Does Muteeba like coffee?
  • Do Zia and Aleem play cricket?


Interrogative sentences start with “Do”or“Does” and then not use after subject before verb.

For example:

  • Does he not tell a lie.

If these words are use in interrogative sentences (How,why,when,where) “Do”or“Does” use after these.

For example:

  • Where do you live?

Remember Always:

Present Indefinite Tense:

In simple:

  • I play (we,you,they).
  • He play (she,it,single name).

In negative:

  • (He,she,it,single name) doesn’t play.
  • (I,we,you they) don’t play.

In interrogative:

  • Does (He,she,it,single name) play?
  • Do (I,we,you they) play?

Test Your intelligence:

If you do this exercise correct then you are “Intelligent” if you do only three sentences correct,then you are”Good” if you solve less than three sentences than you will counted in “Average”.

Fill in the blanks:

  1. Muteeba ______ not write a letter.
  2. ______ they go to zoo?
  3. You ______ the food very quickly.
  4. I ______ not drink water.
  5. Moon and Sunny ______ not eat banana.


  1. Does
  2. Do
  3. Eat
  4. Do
  5. Do

Recommend Articles:

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Use Of Articles In English Grammar

Use Of Articles In English Grammar:

We know that if we want to speak any language so,it is necessary that we go about the grammar of this language because without going grammar, We can’t speak and write about any language.Here, we are discussing  about the English language.In the previous articles, We learned about the other topics which are related with English grammar or English language like Ordinary basic English conversation list, Vowels and Consonant.Like an earlier topics,Now, We will disclose to the use Of Articles.

Use Of Articles

Article has two kinds .

  1. Indefinite Article (A,An) 
  2. Definite Article (The)

Use Of Indefinite Articles:

In the first kind, Use of articles.(A,An) means”One”.These are called indefinite articles because they are not use with particular noun.

For example:

  • I saw a beggar in the street.
  • I found an umbrella lying on the road.


In above examples beggar and umbrella are common noun.

According to the grammar rule an article used  before”singular common noun”.

For example:

  • A hunt catch a lion.
  • I saw an eagle.
  • The boy began to laugh.

Use Of Definite Article:

Use of article second kind is that, “The” is the definite article, Which use on different events.

To make common noun into particular noun/proper noun or to separate from other noun.To understand the above statement we have an example:

  • I have a book” change this example in particular noun”The book is very interesting“.

Before the name of rivers,seas,mountains,canal,glades,island etc but definite article can’t use with hills.

For example:

  • The Ravi.
  • The Himalayas.
  • The Monsoons.
  • The Chenab.

Definite article use before books,newspaper and Holy books.

For example:

  • The”News” is a widely circulated newspaper.


Definite article is not use if author name write before the book.

For example:

  • Shakespeare’s”Hamlet“.

Definite article use before the name of trains,ships and aeroplane.

For example:

  • The”Tezgam”
  • The”Babar”

With the name of direction and planets.

For example:

  • The earth
  • The sun
  • The east

With important historical events.

For example:

  • The world war

With part of body.

For example:

  • The head
  • The hand

With name of nation,with provinces,with organization.

Try to read carefully above use of articles rules. Practice as yourself. Don’t underestimate these tiny grammar and articles rules because its made your bases. For more question and inquires use below comment box 🙂