Simple or Present Indefinite Tense

Simple or Present Indefinite Tense:

Word”Tense” derived from “Latin”word tempus. Its mean time.There are three types of tenses.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

Present tense can be divide in subdivision.

  • Present Indefinite Tense
  • Present continuous  Tense
  • Present Perfect  Tense
  • Present Perfect Continuous

Past tense and Future tense also have some divines like present tense.

Parts Of Sentence:

A sentence has three parts.

  • Subject
  • Verb
  • Object

subject:

Subject is a person who do work.For example:He,she ,you,we etc.

Verb:

Verb is an action.For example :Eating,Listening etc.

Object:

Work done on it.For example:

  • “She washes clothes”In this example she works on “clothes”

Now, in this lesson we will discuss about the present indefinite tense.

Simple or Present Indefinite Tense:

Simple or Present indefinite tense show that work do in present time.We use”1st form of verb” with“s” or“es”.

When subject is He,she,it or singular name.

Structure of simple or present indefinite tense ,when we use “s”or“es”

Subject+1st form of verb+s/es+Object.

Present Indefinite Tense

For example:

  • He goes to school.

We use only 1st form of verb,When subject is (I,we they,you) too.

Structure of simple or present indefinite tense when subject is (I ,we,they,you).

Subject+1st form of verb+Object.

For example:

  • I go to school.

Note:

If verb and in these letters (SS,o,x,sh,ch,ox) then we use “es”.

For example:

  • Go=Goes
  • Like=Likes
  • Wash=Washes
  • Catch=Catches

Examples Of Simple or Present Indefinite Tense:

  • Muteeba makes tea.
  • It rains.
  • You tell a lie
  • They play cricket everyday.
  • We take exercise in the garden.
  • He polishes his shoes.

Negative Sentences:

In negative sentences we use“Don’t”or “Doesn’t”with subject.

  • Don’t use with (I,we,you they).
  • Doesn’t use with (He,she,it or single name).

Structure of present indefinite tense in negative sentence.

Subject+Don’t/Doesn’t+Verb+object.

Note:

In negative sentences,We don’t use “s” or “es” with verb.

For example:

  • He doesn’t tell a lie.
  • They don’t wash the cloth.
  • I don’t write a letter.

interrogative Sentences:

In interrogative sentences “Do”or“Does” use before the subject.

Structure of present indefinite tense in interrogative sentence.

Do/Does+Subject+Verb+Object.

Do use with(I,we,you,they).

Does use with (He,she,it,single name).

For example:

  • Does he work hard?
  • Do you clean your teeth everyday?
  • Does Muteeba like coffee?
  • Do Zia and Aleem play cricket?

Note:

Interrogative sentences start with “Do”or“Does” and then not use after subject before verb.

For example:

  • Does he not tell a lie.

If these words are use in interrogative sentences (How,why,when,where) “Do”or“Does” use after these.

For example:

  • Where do you live?

Remember Always:

Present Indefinite Tense:

In simple:

  • I play (we,you,they).
  • He play (she,it,single name).

In negative:

  • (He,she,it,single name) doesn’t play.
  • (I,we,you they) don’t play.

In interrogative:

  • Does (He,she,it,single name) play?
  • Do (I,we,you they) play?

Test Your intelligence:

If you do this exercise correct then you are “Intelligent” if you do only three sentences correct,then you are”Good” if you solve less than three sentences than you will counted in “Average”.

Fill in the blanks:

  1. Muteeba ______ not write a letter.
  2. ______ they go to zoo?
  3. You ______ the food very quickly.
  4. I ______ not drink water.
  5. Moon and Sunny ______ not eat banana.

Answers:

  1. Does
  2. Do
  3. Eat
  4. Do
  5. Do

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