Past Perfect Tense – English Grammar Guide

In our previous article, we have discussed about the first two branches of past which names are:

  1. Past indefinite tense
  2. Past continuous tense

Today, we will discussion about the past perfect tense which is the “Third” branch of past tense. Now, we will discourse about the identification and structure of past perfect tense.

NoteWe use “Third form of verb” in all perfect tense.

Past Perfect Tense:

Past perfect tense shows to any work which occurred in past and after taking tiny time it had been finished. Like present perfect tense, we use “Third form of verb”. We use “Had ” as a helping verb in past perfect tense. we will use ”Had” with all subject.

Structure Of Simple Past Perfect Tense:

Subject + Helping verb (Had) + Third form of verb + Object.

For Example:

  1. I had written essay on Causes of poverty and its solution.
  2. They had eaten food.
  3. They had played football.
  4. Aliza had already written the poem.
  5. You had cooked food till then.

Note: Keep remember, in any sentence have mention about two works or actions so, then firstly we will mention about the Second action and then first action. In the second part, we will use past perfect tense While in the first part we will use past indefinite tense . To understand you, we have some example:

  1. They had eaten food before the afternoon.
  2. They had gone America before the sun rose.

The first part of sentence “They had eaten food” is called “Subordinate clause”.

The second part of sentence ”Before the time” is called “Principle clause”.

Past Perfect Tense In Negative Sentences:

In negative sentences we use “Hadn’t” after the subject and before the verb. We use “Third form of verb” like past perfect tense.

Structure Of Negative Past Perfect Tense:

Subject + Helping verb (Hadn’t) + Third form of verb + Object.

For Example:

  1. I hadn’t discussed about the fashion contest.
  2. They hadn’t cooked food.
  3. He hadn’t played football.
  4. I hadn’t written essay on Human rights violations and our society.
  5. You hadn’t cooked food till then.

Past Perfect Tense In Interrogative Sentences:

In interrogative sentences we use “Had” before the subject.If we use any word of “Wh Family” so then first we will use “Wh Family” and then we will follow the structure of  interrogative sentences.

What Is Meant By “WH Family”?

Those word which start from “Wh” . e.g.Whom, Whose, Which, What, Who, When………… etc are called “Wh Family”

Structure Of Interrogative Past Perfect Tense:

Helping verb (Had) + Subject +  Third form of verb + Object.

For Example:

  1. Had you cooked food till then?
  2. Why had you gone before ending the party?
  3. Had you discussed about the science and its inventions?
  4. Had you washed the clothes?
  5. Had Aliza already written the poem?

Remember Always:

Past Perfect Tense:

In Simple:

(He, She, It, Name, I, We, You, They) Had.

In Negative:

(He, She, It, Name, I, We, You, They) Hadn’t

In Interrogative:

Had (He, She, It, Name, I, We, You, They)

Test Your Intelligence:

True & False:

  1. They had gone mall for shopping.
  2. Had children go to school?
  3. They played football
  4. Did they washed the clothes?
  5. Aliza had completed  B.A in current year.

Answer:

  1. False
  2. False
  3. False
  4. False
  5. True

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

In our last lecture, we have discussed about the Past Perfect tense, which is the  second last branch of past tense. Now, we’ll discussion about the Past Perfect Continuous Tense, which’s the last small branch of past. I have already told you past is the second large branch of tenses tree and every large branch has four smallest branches as past, which names are,

  1. Past indefinite tense
  2. Past continuous tense
  3. Past perfect tense
  4. Past perfect continuous tense

Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

Past perfect continuous tense shows to the work, which started in the past and still continue another time in past. This tense has great link with Past continuous tense and Past perfect tense.

In past perfect continuous tense, we use “Had been” as a helping verb.

We use ”Ing” and “First form of verb in Past perfect continuous tense. We use “Since, For” like Present perfect continuous tense.

Use Of Since:

We use “Since” for exact time.

For example:

  1. Date
  2. Any year like “2000”

Use Of For:

We use “For” not exact time.

For example:

  1. Two hours
  2. Half hour
  3. Ten minutes

 Structure Of Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

Subject + Helping verb (Had been) + Ing + First form of verb + Object

For example:

  1. They had been playing football for two hours.
  2. Sara had been searching about the Women role in society for half hour.
  3. The students had been discussing on Karl Marx and Aristotle for twenty minutes.
  4. They had been going to London since 12 February 2015.
  5. He had been going to walk since morning.

Negative Sentences Of Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

In negative sentences, we use “Not” in the of  “Had been” e.g. Had not been.

 Structure Of Past Perfect Continuous Tense In Negative Sentences:

Subject + Helping verb (Had not been) + Ing + First form of verb + Object

For example:

  1. Aliza had not been cooking food for 1 hour.
  2. The child had not been crying for 5 minutes.
  3. The students had not been talking relevant to Fashion for half hour.
  4. He had not been working on this project since 1990.
  5. He had not been going to walk since morning.

Interrogative Sentences Of Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

In interrogative sentences, we use “Subject” in the mid of “Had been” e.g. Had he been.

Structure Of Past Perfect Continuous Tense In Interrogative Sentences:

Had + Subject + been + ing + First form of verb + Object

For example:

  1. Had Alex been playing football for 2 hours?
  2. Had  he been washing the cloth since morning?
  3. Had they been doing work on the project since 2000?
  4. Had they been searching on top ten chicks fashion styles?
  5. Had  Aliza been making a tea for 5 minutes?

Remember Always:

Past Perfect Continuous Tense:

In simple:

(He, She, It, Name, I, We, You, They) Had been.

In Negative:

(He, She, It, Name, I, We, You, They) Had not been.

In Interrogative:

Had (He, She, It, Name, I, We, You, They) been.

Test Your Intelligence:

True & False:

  1. Had David been writing a book 1996?
  2. Had Alex and David been cooking pizza for 5 hours?
  3. Engels had been exercising for half hours.
  4. Warid company had been working  2004.
  5. Students had not been fighting for an hour.

Answer:

  1. False
  2. True
  3. True
  4. False
  5. True

Future Indefinite Tense – English Grammar Guide

In our previous articles, we have discussion about the Present and past, which are large branches of tense and the third one is “Future”. Like past and present this large branch has four small branches, which names are following below:

  1. Future indefinite tense
  2. Future continuous tense
  3. Future perfect tense
  4. Future perfect continuous tense

In this article, we’ll discussion about the first small branch of  “Future indefinite tense”. Why this is necessary for our usual life? What is meant by Future indefinite tense? What is the identification of Future indefinite tense.

Future Indefinite Tense - English Grammar Guide
Future Indefinite Tense

Future Indefinite Tense:

Future indefinite tense shows to any work, which would be occurred in future.

In future indefinite tense, use will and shall as a helping verb.

Use Of Will and Shall:

1st Condition:

In normal condition, we’ll use will and shall with

Will (He, She, Single name, You, They, It)

Shall (I, We)

2nd Condition:

If the sentence show any type of threat, determination, obey, Compulsion then we’ll use will and shall

Shall (He, She, Single name, You, They, It)

Will (I, We)

We use “First form of verb” like Present indefinite tense.

Structure Of Simple Future Indefinite Tense:

Subject + Helping verb (Will/shall) + First form of verb + Object

For example:

  1. We shall go to London yesterday.
  2. I shall start work on new theme.
  3. I hope, you’ll do enjoy in party.
  4. He’ll take loan from bank.
  5. You shall obey your teachers.

Future Indefinite Tense In Negative Sentences:

In negative sentences, we’ll use “Not” after the will or shall e.g. Will not/Shall not. There are below some examples for understanding you,

Structure Of Future Indefinite Tense In Negative Sentences:

Subject + Helping verb (Will not/shall not) + First form of verb + Object

For example:

  1. Aliza will not take part in fashion show.
  2. He will not obey you.
  3. They will not play cricket yesterday.
  4. He will not take first position in exams.
  5. I shall not sign on new project.

Future Indefinite Tense In Interrogative Sentences:

In interrogative sentences, we use “Will/Shall” before the subject e.g. Will He/Shall I. In interrogative sentences, if we use “WH Family” like  (Why, Which, Where, When, How, Who) so, first we will use “WH Family” and then “Will/Shall” and then subject e.g. Where will he. There are below some examples for understanding you,

For example:

  1. Will he deliver speech on social media?
  2. Will the government include the Karl Marx and Aristotle in new edition?
  3. How will you make a tea?
  4. When will the police caught to thief?
  5. Shall i take part in sports and games?

Remember Always:

In simple:

(He, She, Single name, You, They, It) Will

(I, We) Shall

In negative:

(He, She, Single name, You, They, It) Will not

(I, We) Shall not

in interrogative:

Will (He, She, Single name, You, They, It)

Shall (I, We)

Test Of  Intelligence:

True & false:

  1. When he will go to America?
  2. Will he play football?
  3. I will make a doctor in future.
  4. I hope, he shall try to grant a leave.
  5. He shall not backbite me.
  6. Will his father buy new car for him?
  7. This film shall take success.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. True
  3. True
  4. False
  5. False
  6. True
  7. False

Past Continuous Tense – English Grammar Guide

I have already  discussed  about the important of English grammar and tenses. We know that, English has become an international language. In this era, everyone want to speak in English. But problem is that majority people face number of problems because they can’t speak and learn English. For speak English, we should have gone to basic English grammar and tenses. As we know that, the example of tenses is like a tree which has three large branches and every branch a four small branches. We have discussed, in our previous articles about the first large branch which is “Present” and their small branches names are:

  1. Present Indefinite Tense.
  2. Present Continuous Tense.
  3. Present Perfect Tense.
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense.

Past Continuous Tense:

Like a “present” second large branch is “Past” and their small branches names are:

  1. Past Indefinite Tense.
  2. Past Continuous Tense.
  3. Past Perfect Tense.
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

In this article, we will discussion about the  identification and structure of past continuous tense

Identification:

Past continuous tense show to the work which started in past and still is continue in the sense of speaking. On the other hand, we can say that,  past continuous tense show an incomplete action.

In past continuous tense we use helping verb“Was/Were” with “First form of verb” and “Ing”.

Use Of Was/Were:

We use “Was” with (He, She, It, Singular name).

We use “Were” with (I, We, You, They).

Structure Of Simple past continuous tense:

Subject + Helping verb (was/were) + First form of verb + Ing + Object.

For example:

  1. I was going to school.
  2. Children were taking part in sports and games.
  3. We were eating food.
  4. Aliza was writing an essay on  Science and Information Technology.
  5. They were talking about the Fashion.

Past Continuous Tense In Negative Sentences:

In negative sentence we use “Wasn’t” after the “subject”  and before the a “First form of verb”

Structure Of Past Continuous In Negative Sentences:

Subject + Helping verb (wasn’t/weren’t) + First form of verb + Ing + Object.

For example:

  1. They weren’t Playing football,
  2. Aliza wasn’t writing an essay on Women role in society.
  3. They weren’t taking about the Social media.
  4. She wasn’t singing a song.
  5. We weren’t going to school.

Past Continuous Tense In Interrogative Sentences:

In interrogative sentences we use “Was/Were”  before the subject.

Structure Of Past Continuous In Interrogative Sentences:

Helping verb (was/were) + Subject + First form of verb + Ing + Object.

For example:

  1. Was he going to school?
  2. Were children cleaning the house?
  3. Were they playing football?
  4. Was she singing a song?
  5. Was Aliza writing an essay on blessing of science for human beings?

Remember Always !!

Simple past continuous tense:

(He, She, It, Singular name) Was

(I, We, You, They) Were

In Negative:

(He, She, It, Singular name) Wasn’t

(I, We, You, They) Weren’t

In Interrogative:

Was (He, She, It, Singular name)

Were (I, We, You, They)

Test Of  Intelligence:

True & false:

  1. She was doing homework.
  2. Aliza eating food.
  3. They weren’t go to school.
  4. Was Aliza singing a song?
  5. They were play cricket.

Answers:

  1. True
  2. False
  3. False
  4. True
  5. False

Simple Past Indefinite Tense Guidance

As we know that, Past Indefinite Tense is the basics of English language similar like others tenses.We have already discussed that tenses like a tree.This tree has large and small branches. Large branches names are following,

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

We have three large branches and every large branch has further four small branches. Such as,we have discussed about the first large branch of tenses.First is present and there small branches names are:

Now,we can discuss about the second large branch of tense.This branch is Past.In this article,we would discuss and disclose about the first small branch of past.The first branch of past tense is Past indefinite tense.

Past Indefinite Tense:

Past indefinite tense show that work, who did in past.Past indefinite tense show work, who has done little time ago.

We don’t use helping verb in the past indefinite tense.We use 2nd form of verb in the past indefinite tense.The structure of Past Indefinite Tense is quite simple contrary other tenses.

Structure Of Past Indefinite Tense:

Subject + 2nd form of verb + Object

For example:

  • She wrote a letter.
  • They all swam in the canal.
  •  Aliza wrote an essay on Global communication technology.
  • We met his sister.
  • The teacher punished naughty boy.

Past Indefinite Tense In Negative Sentences:

In the negative sentences,we use did and 1st form of verb in the Past Indefinite Tense.

Structure Of Past Indefinite In Negative Sentences:

Subject + helping verb(did) + 1st form of verb + Object

For example:

  • She didn’t write a letter.
  • They didn’t all swim in the canal.
  • Aliza wrote an essay on Child labor.
  • We didn’t meet his sister.
  • The teacher didn’t punish naughty boy.

Past Indefinite Tense In Interrogative Sentences:

In the interrogative  sentences,we use did and 1st form of verb in the Past Indefinite Tense.

Structure of Past Indefinite Tense In Interrogative Sentences:

Helping verb (did) + Subject + 1st form of verb + Object

For example:

  • Did she  a letter ?
  • Did we meet his sister ?
  • Did Aliza write an essay on Importance of education ?
  • Didn’t teacher punish naughty boy ?
  • Did they all swim in the canal ?

Remember Always !!

Past Indefinite Tense:

In simple:

  • He,she,it,name,i,we you,they played football.

In negative:

  • He,she,it,name,i,we you,they didn’t play football.

In Interrogative:

  • Did He,she,it,name,i,we you,they play football?

Test Of  Intelligence:

True & false:

  1. Aliza eat food.
  2. Children didn’t play games.
  3. Did Aliza play Hockey?
  4. The boys don’t make a noise.
  5. Did they go to college?

Answers:

  1. False
  2. True
  3. True
  4. False
  5. True

You can test yourself with the practice of above exercise. You need to comply the above structures and rules. If you are beginner then recommend you to read Basic English Grammar for better implementation in your language skills.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

I have already given you three lecture about the present tenses. We know that tense like a tree,this tree has three large  branches and every branch has four small branches like the first branch is “present”.There small branches names are:

We have already discuss about the first three branches of present in previous articles.Now,we will discuss about the present perfect continuous tense.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

Present perfect continuous tense shows that, the work which was started in the past and this work is still continuous in present.Like a present perfect tense, this tense has relevant with the Present perfect continuous tense.

The structure of present perfect continuous tense like present perfect tense.

In present perfect continuous tense helping verbs are Has been,Have been.

      • Has been use with Singular subject
      • Have been use with Plural subject

We use Has been when subjects are He,she,it,singular name
We use Have been when subjects are I,we,they,you
ing use with 1st form of verb in present perfect continuous tense.
In the present perfect continuous tense,we use Since,For for time being.
We use Since for exact time.
For example:

    • Date.
    • 1996 year.

We use For for not exact time.

For example:

  • Three hours.
  • Ten O’ clock.
  • Five minutes.

 Structure Of Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

Subject + Helping verb (Has been,Have been) + ing + 1st form of verb + Object

For example:

  • The children have been playing games for two hours.
  • She has been studying  for three hours.
  • He has been working on his new project since 1996.
  • The students have been writing essay on Fashion and Women role in a society for twenty minutes.
  • We have been listing the news for five minutes.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense In Negative Tense:

In negative tense,we use Not in the mid of Has been/Have been

Structure Of present perfect continuous Tense In Negative Tense:

Subject  +   Helping verb (Has been,Have been)  +Not  +  ing  +  1st form of verb  +  Object

For example:

  • The boys have not been making a noise for one hour.
  • The horse has not been running for ten hours.
  • He has been working on his project since 1996.
  • The child has been weeping for two hours.

Present Perfect Continuous Tense In Interrogative Tense:

In interrogative tense,we use subject in the mid of Has been/Have been

Structure Of present perfect continuous tense In Interrogative Tense:

Has/Have + Subject + been + ing + 1st form of verb + Object

For example:

  • Have boys been making a noise for one hour?
  • Has he been working on his project since 1996?
  • Has child been weeping for two hours?
  • Has horse been running for ten hours?

Remember Always:

Present Perfect Continuous Tense:

In simple:

  •  He,she,it,single name has been playing.
  • I,we,you,they have been playing.

In negative:

  • He,she,it,single name has not been playing.
  • I,we,you,they have not been playing.

In interrogative:

  • Has He,she,it,single name been playing.
  • Have I,we,you,they been playing.

Test Your Intelligence:

  1. Eliza _________ watching T.V for one hour.
  2. _________ Alan and Eliza been  playing football for  fifteen minutes?
  3. The girls _________ cooking food for one hour.

Answers:

  1. Has been
  2. Have
  3. Have been

Let  us know that, about your inspirational ideas about this article. You should also learn Basic English Grammar For Beginner to accomplish your skills. If you have better one ideas and skillful knowledge then share with us. We love to listen it and publish it on our site. For more discussion concern with post, you can discuss below.

Present Perfect Tense – English Verb

Like a previous articles,which are related with sentences. Now a day, We will again talk about the sentences. In the previous, articles we have discuss about the grammar and sentences.The names of the articles, which are related with grammar and sentences. Names are:

Now, we will discuss about the present perfect tense that what is identification and structure of present perfect tense. Present perfect tense is the third branch of present tense.

Identification of Present Perfect Tense:

Present perfect tense show that to the work which has done in present.This tense disclose the link with the past in present.In this tense,we don’t mention time like present perfect continuous tense.

In present perfect tense helping verbs are (Has,Have).

  • “Has” use with “singular subject”
  • “Have” use with “plural subject”

We use “Has” when subjects are (He,she,it,single name).

We use “Have” when subjects are (I,we,you,they).

We use  “Third form of verbs” in present perfect tense.

Structure Of Simple Present Perfect Tense:

Subject+Helping verb (Has,Have)+Third form of verb+Object.

For example:

Present Perfect Tense In Negative Sentences:

In negative sentences,we use “Not” with “Has” or “Have”.We use “Has not” or “Have not” after the subject and before the verb.

Structure Of Present Perfect Tense In Negative Sentences:

Subject+Helping verb (Has,Have)+Not+Third form of verb+Object.

For example:

  • I have not taken tea.
  • The students have not written an essay on Blessing of science.
  • Women have not cooked food.
  • She has not read book.
  • Children has not played games.

Present Perfect Tense In Interrogative Sentences:

In interrogative sentences helping verb used before subject.

Structure Of Present Perfect Tense In Interrogative Sentences:

Helping verb (Has,Have)+Subject+Third form of verb+Object.

For example:

  • Has teacher teaching the students about the Manners and Etiquette?
  • Have they wasted their time on social media?
  • Have children listened story?
  • Has it rain?
  • Has she not read book?

Remember Always:

Present perfect tense:

In simple:

  • (He,she,it,single name) has played.
  • (I,we,you,they) have played.

In negative:

  • (He,she,it,single name) has not played
  • (I,we,you,they) have not played.

In interrogative:

  • Has (He,she,it,single name) played?
  • Have (I,we,you,they) played?

Test Your Intelligence:

  1. She______ prepared the paper.
  2. ______ they played hockey?
  3. ______ Ali not written a letter?
  4.  Children has ______ gone to school.
  5. I______ lost my ring.

Answer:

  1. Has
  2. Have
  3. Has
  4. Not
  5. Have

Let us know that, How much you earn the knowledge. Solve the above following test for best practice as yourself. Hopefully, This will be Better for your bright future. For more question join me through comments.

Present Continuous Tense – English Verb Tense

Present Continuous Tense:

Tense is the basic of English language like a pillars of any castle.This castle has three pillars, present,past,future.These three pillars have four categories as we know that, present has four types like:

Present continuous tense

Like a present tense past and future tense have four kinds.In the previous article we have discussed about the present indefinite tense.Now,in this article we will talk about the “Present continuous tense”.

Definition of  Present Continuous Tense:

Present continuous tense shows that,any work continuous in present.

In present continuous tense helping verbs are use (Is,are,am).

  • “Is” use with “Singular subject”.
  • “Are” use with “Plural subject”.
  • “Am” use with“I”

Like a present indefinite tense ,we use “First form of verb” in the present continuous tense.

“ing” use with “First form of verb”

Structure Of Present Continuous Tense In Simple Form:

Subject+Helping verb+1st form of verb+ing+Object.

For example:

Present Continuous Tense In Negative Sentences:

In negative sentences”Not” use between and “First form of verb”.

Structure Of Present Continuous Tense In Negative Sentences:

Subject+Helping verb(Is,are,am)+Not+1st form of verb+Ing+Object.

For example:

  • They are not reading a book.
  • They are not wasting their precious time on social media during exam.
  • It is not raining heavily.
  • she is not participating in the final tournament of sports and games.
  • I am writing an essay on Blessing of Science.

Present Continuous Tense In Interrogative Sentences:

In interrogative sentences helping verb put before subject.

Structure Of Present Continuous Tense In Interrogative Sentences:

Helping verb(Is,are,am)+Subject+1st form of verb+Ing+Object.

For example:

Remember Always:

Present continuous tense:

In simple

  • (We,you,they) are playing.
  • (He,she,it) is playing.
  • (I) am playing.

Negative:

  • (We,you,they) are not playing.
  • (He,she,it) is not playing.
  • (I) am not playing.

Interrogative:

  • Are (We,you,they)  playing.
  • Is (He,she,it)  playing.
  • Am (I) playing.

Test your intelligence:

Fill in the blanks.

  1. He________ buying a gift for birthday.
  2. we________ not making fun of anybody.
  3. The boys________ swimming in the tank.
  4. ________I not helping you?
  5. ________ it drizzling outside?

Answer:

  1. Is
  2. Are
  3. Are
  4. Am
  5. Is

I hope, This article will be proved benefit for all readers. Must try to solve the above exercise for your practice. Learn English grammar rules and try to adopt these rules. You can avail from our latest updates to subscribe newsletter. You may leave your questions below in comment box 🙂

Simple or Present Indefinite Tense

Simple or Present Indefinite Tense:

Word”Tense” derived from “Latin”word tempus. Its mean time.There are three types of tenses.

  • Present
  • Past
  • Future

Present tense can be divide in subdivision.

  • Present Indefinite Tense
  • Present continuous  Tense
  • Present Perfect  Tense
  • Present Perfect Continuous

Past tense and Future tense also have some divines like present tense.

Parts Of Sentence:

A sentence has three parts.

  • Subject
  • Verb
  • Object

subject:

Subject is a person who do work.For example:He,she ,you,we etc.

Verb:

Verb is an action.For example :Eating,Listening etc.

Object:

Work done on it.For example:

  • “She washes clothes”In this example she works on “clothes”

Now, in this lesson we will discuss about the present indefinite tense.

Simple or Present Indefinite Tense:

Simple or Present indefinite tense show that work do in present time.We use”1st form of verb” with“s” or“es”.

When subject is He,she,it or singular name.

Structure of simple or present indefinite tense ,when we use “s”or“es”

Subject+1st form of verb+s/es+Object.

Present Indefinite Tense

For example:

  • He goes to school.

We use only 1st form of verb,When subject is (I,we they,you) too.

Structure of simple or present indefinite tense when subject is (I ,we,they,you).

Subject+1st form of verb+Object.

For example:

  • I go to school.

Note:

If verb and in these letters (SS,o,x,sh,ch,ox) then we use “es”.

For example:

  • Go=Goes
  • Like=Likes
  • Wash=Washes
  • Catch=Catches

Examples Of Simple or Present Indefinite Tense:

  • Muteeba makes tea.
  • It rains.
  • You tell a lie
  • They play cricket everyday.
  • We take exercise in the garden.
  • He polishes his shoes.

Negative Sentences:

In negative sentences we use“Don’t”or “Doesn’t”with subject.

  • Don’t use with (I,we,you they).
  • Doesn’t use with (He,she,it or single name).

Structure of present indefinite tense in negative sentence.

Subject+Don’t/Doesn’t+Verb+object.

Note:

In negative sentences,We don’t use “s” or “es” with verb.

For example:

  • He doesn’t tell a lie.
  • They don’t wash the cloth.
  • I don’t write a letter.

interrogative Sentences:

In interrogative sentences “Do”or“Does” use before the subject.

Structure of present indefinite tense in interrogative sentence.

Do/Does+Subject+Verb+Object.

Do use with(I,we,you,they).

Does use with (He,she,it,single name).

For example:

  • Does he work hard?
  • Do you clean your teeth everyday?
  • Does Muteeba like coffee?
  • Do Zia and Aleem play cricket?

Note:

Interrogative sentences start with “Do”or“Does” and then not use after subject before verb.

For example:

  • Does he not tell a lie.

If these words are use in interrogative sentences (How,why,when,where) “Do”or“Does” use after these.

For example:

  • Where do you live?

Remember Always:

Present Indefinite Tense:

In simple:

  • I play (we,you,they).
  • He play (she,it,single name).

In negative:

  • (He,she,it,single name) doesn’t play.
  • (I,we,you they) don’t play.

In interrogative:

  • Does (He,she,it,single name) play?
  • Do (I,we,you they) play?

Test Your intelligence:

If you do this exercise correct then you are “Intelligent” if you do only three sentences correct,then you are”Good” if you solve less than three sentences than you will counted in “Average”.

Fill in the blanks:

  1. Muteeba ______ not write a letter.
  2. ______ they go to zoo?
  3. You ______ the food very quickly.
  4. I ______ not drink water.
  5. Moon and Sunny ______ not eat banana.

Answers:

  1. Does
  2. Do
  3. Eat
  4. Do
  5. Do

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Use Of Articles In English Grammar

Use Of Articles In English Grammar:

We know that if we want to speak any language so,it is necessary that we go about the grammar of this language because without going grammar, We can’t speak and write about any language.Here, we are discussing  about the English language.In the previous articles, We learned about the other topics which are related with English grammar or English language like Ordinary basic English conversation list, Vowels and Consonant.Like an earlier topics,Now, We will disclose to the use Of Articles.

Use Of Articles

Article has two kinds .

  1. Indefinite Article (A,An) 
  2. Definite Article (The)

Use Of Indefinite Articles:

In the first kind, Use of articles.(A,An) means”One”.These are called indefinite articles because they are not use with particular noun.

For example:

  • I saw a beggar in the street.
  • I found an umbrella lying on the road.

Note:

In above examples beggar and umbrella are common noun.

According to the grammar rule an article used  before”singular common noun”.

For example:

  • A hunt catch a lion.
  • I saw an eagle.
  • The boy began to laugh.

Use Of Definite Article:

Use of article second kind is that, “The” is the definite article, Which use on different events.

To make common noun into particular noun/proper noun or to separate from other noun.To understand the above statement we have an example:

  • I have a book” change this example in particular noun”The book is very interesting“.

Before the name of rivers,seas,mountains,canal,glades,island etc but definite article can’t use with hills.

For example:

  • The Ravi.
  • The Himalayas.
  • The Monsoons.
  • The Chenab.

Definite article use before books,newspaper and Holy books.

For example:

  • The”News” is a widely circulated newspaper.

Note:

Definite article is not use if author name write before the book.

For example:

  • Shakespeare’s”Hamlet“.

Definite article use before the name of trains,ships and aeroplane.

For example:

  • The”Tezgam”
  • The”Babar”

With the name of direction and planets.

For example:

  • The earth
  • The sun
  • The east

With important historical events.

For example:

  • The world war

With part of body.

For example:

  • The head
  • The hand

With name of nation,with provinces,with organization.

Try to read carefully above use of articles rules. Practice as yourself. Don’t underestimate these tiny grammar and articles rules because its made your bases. For more question and inquires use below comment box 🙂