The Effects of the Industrial Revolution

Effects of Industrial Revolution:

Here we will talk about effects of the industrial revolution in this world. Revolution means make a change in system. Industrial revolution brings great change in industry setup. Britain brought this change in the 18th century. Industrial revolution bring very important change in this result. Agricultural economies connect with industrial ones. Nature of population change due to industrial revolution that what, where and how was goods produced. It helps to reduce manual labors by new technology, goods which had been made by manually, in home or in small shops began to be made in large quantities in the factory.

Effects of Industrial Revolution

Every country based on its population sector, industrial revolution makes dramatically changes in business. It help to expand business scope, which business were located in small areas or in rural areas. Revolution bring them in cities & urban.

Effects of Industrial Revolution in Economic Development:

Industrial revolution also helps in economic development. All people of societies get benefits from it. Result of industrial revolution in economic development including availability variety of goods, scope of business, movements of businessmen & people to cities, modern ways of running business. Revolution makes state & nations more powerful.

Industrial revolution brings rapid changes in society. The first change in human history is anthropologists call the Neolithic revolution. , this change took place in Stone Age. At this time people got their food by hunting this system based on hunting, agriculture, this was tough time for progress, the industrial revolution brought modern societies from agricultural societies. Economic activities change from production in homes or small workshop to factories, from agriculture to manufacturing, from manual work to machines, economy of every country depend on it’s per capital income. When production increase in this result number of workers increase, which increase per capital income.

Industrial revolution helps to improve economic situation of industrial societies, middle and upper class get benefits, but lower class face problem economically.

Industrial Setup and Mass Production:

When investors invest their money to improve the methods of production then change arise in industrial setup. In this result use of technology increase day by day. Machines are used such as power-loom, cotton gin, water frame spinning-jenny & many other machines use in production. For mass production, due to revolution people started work in factories with such machines. This improve life standards of people, job availabilities increase, prices of goods decrease because of economic stability. Industrial revolution also gives benefits to workers, child labors reduced because of revolution, these are a positive response.

Mass production provides opportunities of employment prices of goods decrease, financial status better, new ideas built, people invest their money in production, quality of transportation, education and medical products improve.

Without inventions, investment & new ideas industrial revolution does not take place, now today without use of technology, we can’t improve our standard of life and industrial sector can’t grow very well.

In the beginning people faced problems and difficulties, they faced challenges for progress. With the passage of time people find many ways for better production & they get benefits with the usage of technology.

Importance of National Unity For a Country

National unity is an important concept for country welfare. Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah had taught us three guiding principles for nation building. These were unity, faith and discipline. He mentioned the unity in the first place among the three. This shows that, he gave the foremost priority to unity. Of course, this is the most precious principle to make rapid and lasting progress in collective life. Let us try to understand the importance of it in collective and national life.

National Unity Importance For a Country

Importance of Nation Unity:

In the early days of Islam, Muslims were united under their pious leadership. That is why, within a few years, they become a dominating power in the world. With their unity, they defeated Roman and Persian empires. Which were two super powers at that time. Owing to unity and oneness, they were ruling in three continents, Asia, Europe and Africa. Muslim empire expanded from Southern France to Multan, in the subcontinent. Muslim ruled the world more than a millennium. After that they showed the sign of weakness in all fields of life. It was due to their disunity. So, they lost their domination. The most prominent example is of Ottoman Empire. It was defeated during First World War by the Allied. The Allied defeated the Muslims by dividing them into Arabs and non-Arabs. On the contrary, the Allied become successful because of their alliance and unity against enemies.

Nation Unity & Pakistan:

The creation of Pakistan was also due to the unity of the Muslims under the leadership of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Allama Iqbal dream of Pakistan in 1930, in Allabad and Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah changed it into reality within only 17 years. He became successful in doing so on account of the unity of the Muslims of India. But unluckily, after independence, Pakistani nation became divided among sectarian, ethnic and linguistic sections. That is why, they are facing disrepute among the community of the nations. They are Punjabi, Sindhi, Bloch, Pakhtoon, Muhajir, Sunni, and Shia but not Pakistani. That is why, they are not making progress. Rather they are going downward.

Conclusion:

We can sum up the discussion by saying that unity is the first and foremost thing for a nation to make progress. The instances of the Muslims in the early days of Islam and the disunity of them in modern era show the vitality of oneness and unity. Pakistani nation should also follow the spirit of unity, if they want to make themselves prominent among the community of nations. It is the need of the hour for us.

Modern Technology Advantages & Disadvantages

This is the age of science of modern technology. Modern inventions in the field of information technology have revolutionized our lives. Now, there is a flood of technological advancement. We can see the usage of it in all fields of life-like agriculture, trade, industry, health, aviation, defense and research. This is acknowledged fact that no society or nation can complete on international front without sound base in it.

Modern Technology Advantages & Disadvantages

Modern Technology Advantages:

In this age of modern thinking, we can see a very important role of modern technology. It has become the part of our lives. If we understand the significance of modern technology, we can get as many advantages out of it as we want. As a progressive and liberal mind nation, we should totally be acquainted with the important of modern technology.

Modern Technology Advantages & Disadvantages

Modern Technology Abuses:

We know that everything has two aspects, positive and negative. So, modern technology has also some abuses along with its uses. Technology can be disastrous for common people and the whole society, if we do not use it in a reasonable way. Cyber-criminal activities are among its prominent abuses. This is a new kind of crimes. Some vicious people try to use modern technology for their personal benefits and interests. They try to get undue advantages by using it. In this way, such people harm others.

Modern Technology Advantages & Disadvantages

Conclusions:

At the end, we conclude that things are not good or bad in their existence. We cannot save ourselves from negative effects of technology by putting barriers in the way of it. Those individuals, who use it for negative purpose, must be punished. For this purpose mechanism can be drawn. Legislation should also be done against cyber-crime. If we use modern technology positively, we can serve humanity. But on the contrary, if we use it in negative ways, the result will be the opposite. Therefore, all sections of society should join hands, in a positive way. But one thing should be kept in mind that technology is just like a river in flood, Nowadays, so restrictions are not the solution. So, because of few drawbacks, we cannot ignore the bright side of the picture.

Human Rights Violations and Our Society

Human rights violations:

In this modern world, where numerous changes are occurring, there human rights violations are also increasing constantly. An ideal society is based on social justice and protection of the basic rights of every individual. It is a famous saying of Hazart Ali (R.A) that a pagan society can exist but a society with injustice cannot survive. The safety of life and property, education, social and economic justice are the basic rights.

Human rights violations

Human Rights violations and Our Society:

Unfortunately, our society is famous for human rights violations. Here people have to face injustice in every field of life. Killings, rapes, street-crimes and tyrant attitude with women are very common. Women in tribal and feudal dominated areas are made the victim of oppression and discrimination.

Child labor is also another severe violation of human rights. The school going children are used as workforce in factories and homes. Honor killing and tradition of “Wani” are practiced in these areas. Marriage with Quran is also a very severe king of violation of human and women rights. It is not only the violation of commands of the Holy Quran but also contempt of it.

Human rights violations prevention

Oppression and injustice of police is also another kind of violation of human rights. Police is politicized here. Politician and influential people use it for personal motives. Political opponents and the poor are tortured in police station.

Prevention of Violation:

For remedial measures, we will have to make efforts on multidimensional levels. We need determination to uproot the curse of violation of human rights. If we follow the fundamental principle of Islam, We can overcome the situation. ‘Khutba-e-Hajjat-ul-wida’ is the greatest charter of human rights.

Pakistan and Human Rights:

Pakistan is the signatory of human charter of UNO. So, in this way, it is our international and religious obligation to honor human rights. We will have to educate the people to make them aware of human rights.

Conclusion:

The study of Holy Quran will also motivate the people to honor human rights. We will have to recognize police too. Committed person should be recruited on merit in police force. Judiciary should also do justice. All the criminals should be made accountable. Innocent and the poor should be helped. In this way, we can present the soft image of Pakistan and Islam before the world.

Kashmir Issue Between India and Pakistan

Kashmir Issue:

Kashmir is a core issue between India and Pakistan. India and Pakistan have been with each other on Jamu and Kashmir since 1947. Kashmir is the major problem between two countries. We fought three wars on Kashmir issue. In the war of 1948, We got a part of Kashmir. This part is called Azad Kashmir. Owing to this issue, we had fought the war of 1971. During this war, Indians conspired against Pakistan and cut of east Pakistan from rest of the country. Now East Pakistan is called Bangladesh.

Kashmir Issue

But after becoming nuclear powers, now both countries cannot go into war with each other. So, we are observing, there is a new wave of relationship. They are talking to each other on different disputed issues. But still, there is no break through because indians do not concede Kashmir disputed area. They say that it is an integral part of India.

Water Issues between India and Pakistan:

Kashmir is the source of fresh water of rivers flowing into Pakistan. Pakistan is an agricultural country. That is why, Quaid-e-Azam had called Kashmir “the great artery of Pakistan”. Now India constructing dams and barrages on the river flowing into Pakistan. This is violation of Indus Basin water treaty of 1964. Pakistan is protesting against this theft of river water at every international forum. Both the countries are engaged with each other in so-called peace talk. But Indian often go back on their promises, which they commit in these talks. India accuses Pakistan of terrorism. It says that insurgency in Kashmir is a Pakistani supported act of terrorism. But Pakistani is of the view that this is a freedom struggle. Kashmir people are running this movement to get their due rights.

Conclusion:

Peace between India and Pakistan is necessary to maintain peace in South Asia. But this dream cannot be fulfilled without resolving the problem of Kashmir. But India is not serious in maintaining peace. Peace is also a need of international community. Kashmir issue must be resolved according to the U.N resolutions, otherwise a nuclear war is a quite possible between Pakistan and India.

Kalabagh Dam Issue in Pakistan

Kalabagh Dam Issue:

Energy crisis or load shedding is the most critical issue for Pakistan. This critical issue always force us to think about the building of kalabagh  dam and other reservoirs. But two provinces of Pakistan, Sindh and K.P.K. are strongly opposing the construction of kalabagh dam. Our economy has suffered a lot due to load shedding and not building dams.

Kalabagh Dam Issue in Pakistan

Kalabagh Dam Issue effects on Country Economy:

Millions of labourers and farmers have become unemployed. A big area of uncultivated land cannot be cultivated owing to the shortage of water and energy resources. Factories and mills are facing closure. Our agricultural and industrial production is not competitive in international market because of high prices of electricity. We are producing electricity from thermal resources. Thermal projects are very expensive because these are run by oil and gas.

On the contrary, power produced by hydel resources is very cheap. That is why, we always seriously think about the construction of kalabagh dam and other reservoirs on facing the energy shortage or load shedding.

Kalabagh Dam Overview:

Kalabagh dam is to be built on Indus river. But K.P.K. objects that it will be dangerous for Nowshera in case of flood while Sindh is of the view that it will have to face water shortage in case of building any new dam on indus river. These are two main hurdles in the way of its building. But the experts contradict these things. Rather, they have totally opposing opinion.

There are many other dams which can also be built. Basha, Munda, and Okori dams are some important projects of water reservoirs. They can give us cheap electricity, which will be helpful in getting rid of load shedding. They can also provide us additional water, Which will cultivate vast area of land. If we keep on relying on thermal units, it will be disastrous because oil price are getting higher and higher. Furthermore, we are also facing shortage of natural gas too. Experts say that we can also fulfill our needs by constructing smaller dams.

Conclusion:

The fact is that energy and fresh water shortage will be the most problematic issue for the world  in future. This issue can be very dangerous thing for Pakistan, if we do not use our potential wisely. We have rivers but we don’t built dams. That is why, we are facing load shedding and water shortage.

Causes of Corruption in Pakistan

Causes of Corruption:

Corruption is a curse which spoils the society and undermines its roots. It became the cause of destabilization and anxiety. If we do not address corruption, it can bring unimaginable destruction. As a result the whole fabric of the nation will be collapsed. But can we do away with it? Let us discuss its root and causes of corruption, in the first place. Then, we will suggest some remedial measures to eradicate it.

Causes of corruption

First of all, wrong policies of the government are the causes of corruption. The direction of polices are not right. These policies support and serve the interests of the corrupt people.

Secondly, recruitment in government departments is not done on merit. Bribery and nepotism are order of the day. So, government officials earn by fair means or foul.

Thirdly, moral bankruptcy of the people become the causes of corruption. It leads us to poverty, inflation, unemployment, bribery, dearness, smuggling and so many other social evils. People do not follow the teaching of Islam. That is why, they are faced with such problem and evils.

After knowing and diagnosing the root causes of corruption. We can suggest some steps to eradicate it. For this purpose, the people and policy-makers must join hands. First of all, we are to follow the teaching of Islam. If we follow these teachings, we will be able to uproot the problems like corruption, poverty, inflation, unemployment, bribery, dearness, smuggling and so many other social evils. Secondly merit should be strictly followed while recruitment in government departments. The elite should also feel their responsibility. And lastly, education and awareness can be the best weapons to combat corruption.

Conclusion:

The bottom line of the discussion is that corruption is a major cause of anxiety in the society. If we do not take remedial steps to abolish it. This can be the cause of horrible results. If we abolish the dire problems of corruption, we can make Pakistan strong and stable. Corruption free society is the first condition for a modern state. And modern Pakistan should absolutely be free from corruption.

Social and Political life in Democracy

Social and Political life in Democracy:

In this article we will disclose to “social and political life in democracy”.There are number of scientific study of society. These studies cover different character or nature of man’s activities. A science which study all human activities, study of society or the way in which society organized is called “Sociology”. Society is build up of thoughts, organization for people who have the same interest & their different groupings. People of society do different activities to survive & developed quickly or to help other people to survive. Social activities might be economic, political or may be linked with concerning beliefs right or wrong behavior. Social science consist on all activities of human beings which they to do survive or live in society.

Social and Political life in Democracy

Political science is the study of the way in which political power is required. It is also cover different characters & nature of political activities. Political science is also a science like other science because it also has rules, laws, principles. It is concerned with the relationship of cause & effect. Human beings need society to live without society they cannot fulfill their basic necessities. Society was needed even by old-fashioned people.

When a man gained knowledge by living in well rolled social groups he became better to all unusual one, but his needs on the uncontrolled large amount of means limited his chances of manage difficult circumstances. Human being survived on hunting animals & depends on vegetables. The condition is changed suddenly when people shared things with group of people. They grew plants and established an environment in which they give benefits to each other, these people became farmers & looked after a hard of animals.

They supply food & other necessities with each other toward establishing their higher social organization & culture. But this changed & community required more standardized society than herdsmen & farmers. In this result different kinds of official groups take place human groupings. Changing quickly occur day by day firstly agriculture sector developed later, by industrial sector developed. Gradually knowledge increase day by day & politics makes up different science like philosophy, psychology, sociology, economics etc. But no one can correct science because no one deliberate exact.

Human mind works very fast in beautiful way. Human mind works on a single way to follow. There is no instrument which can measure the human ideas. A human mind has different thoughts which can not drawn in form of graph , but it does not mean that ideas relating to political science cannot be classified as a science. Human beings & society both depend on each other presence. Society allow the people to behave freely & express their thoughts.

Similar areas of large countries is the important political organization of society that look after the ideas & interest of its people. States establish the basic law of society of control the means of rules, behavior & activities of nation. Establishes the government at every level , region, center, districts in the country for its management. The system of law lays down the basic rules of control the behavior between themselves & society.

The system of laws puts limitations on the freedom of the citizens in this return stat give es facilities to its people like social benefits, voting rights, choose leaders which they like best for them etc. Now states further expand its facilities for society, which make their life more comfortable & interesting. Political science is a basic between the stage of social development or successful attempt of a community or a nation-state.

Conclusion:

Political organization of a community is based on the forces of change. Political activities of a country change with time. These sciences are important for the success of countries & states.

Role Of Public Opinion in Democracy

Public Opinion in Democracy:

Public opinion is the opinion, attitudes, likeness, judgement of the public regarding a particular matter, situations & issues of mutual interest. Public opinion deliberated by the survey. Public opinion is important for both permanent issues & temporary circumstances.

Public Opinion in Democracy

People belong with different cultures, when their opinion gathered by sample survey. Serious issues easily solved by different ideas, which collected in form of public opinion.

Opinion and Community:

In a country or society not everyone become a part or member with in a community can be contributing to the establishment of the public opinion, but the mature population has a voting right as a citizen generally share their opinions.

In a community opinion of a group of people occasionally agree about different situations. There is no alternative of interest & opinion by the majority. Success of majority opinion depends upon the validity of decision accepting by majority. Democratic system upset due to ungrudging acceptance of the election decision results, agreement among the people would be changed.

Nature of Public Opinion:

On serious issues of common interest there is many number of variety of opinions. Some of , Which might be unclear or confused. More explanation & discussion can reduce this confusion & increase the number of ideas, Which take the clear shape gradually. All opinions which are collected by one half of the citizen is called the public opinion, Such opinions consist on different ideas, Which based on intelligent thinking, or based on strong belief, or these based on feelings & emotions.

For the development of public opinion different agencies help and play on important role.  Some of them take a more important part for the formation of public opinion. Public who are specialize in nature of public life, or researcher are the formulators or developers of public opinions. Many people from majority have no idea of public affairs, even they think less than other people.

Importance of public opinion in democracy:

To understand the working of the democratic system for this knowing of public opinion is important. Today public opinion play a vital role in the working of democratic government. Public opinion work as a person whose job is make sure that democracy do work legally or responsibly.

Many people think that opinion from majority of community is called the public opinion. Unfortunately many intelligent ideas are not considered necessary for the welfare of the people because these opinions are not from majority.

Opinion from general public for the welfare of the people may be called “public opinion”. Lord Bryce says about public opinion.

Public opinion stands for views men hold regarding matter that affect the interest of the society or nations-state.Lord Bryce

Public opinion is the strength of democratic government. It cannot be neglected in democratic system. In which system public opinion ought, this system cannot called a democratic system. Democratic government should implement on the general public ideas in making, rules laws & other activities.

Success of democratic government depends upon intelligent ideas. Healthy public opinion not only built relationship between controller & common people but also help to develop strong relation with other countries. Many institutions & agencies play important role for the formation of public interest like:- Political parties, education institutions, media, newspaper, cults, literature etc.

For the success or development of country leaders should built a system in which surveys are properly conduct, organize a system in which ideas from different people gather systematically. Government should pay attention & give importance to the public opinion for success. According to John Stuart Mill,

If all mankind minus one were of one opinion mankind would be no more justified in silencing that one person than he, if he had the power, would be justified in silencing mankind.John Stuart Mill

Conclusion:

Public opinion is very important for demoocratic government like blood. John Simon says,

Democracy encourages the majority to decide things about which the majority is ignorant.John Simon

Importance Of Female Education

Importance Of Female Education:

This is an age of learning and awareness.No country can make progress without active participation of female in all fields.The education of female  is as important as of male.In fact education of women is more important than that of men.This is because, they play the most important role in bringing up their children.We cannot ignore the importance of female education.Female education is necessary for the progress of any country because of this we cannot ignore of the female education.

Female education

We are living in an age of equality and women’s emancipation.Now,women are working shoulder to shoulder with men,in almost all walks of life.Education is the back-bone in the body of progress and development.Women are half of the population.No society or country can face the challenges of the modern age without education its major part of population.Children remain in the company of mothers,most of the time.Women are more loving and understanding with children.That is why;they can be very helpful in educating their families,if they are literate.

Women Play Different Role in The Society:

An educated female can better run the affairs of her family than an illiterate woman.She can look after her children,if there is some kind of emergency situation in life.Islam has made it compulsory for every man and woman to get education .The government should provide opportunities so that women may get education at their doorsteps.In western developed countries,women are not only getting education of their choice but also working in every field of life.They are doctors,engineers,pilots,judges,lawyers,businesswomen and even soldiers too.

We Find Women In Every  Field Of Life:

Now-a-day,almost all fields are open for competent and educated women.They are playing their constructive roles in education,medicine,agriculture,politics,social sector,culture, technology and science,nursing and so on.

Today,women are considered the part and parcel of civilized societies.Without their active participation,the dream of a progressive society cannot be fulfilled.Today,they are not mere the object of romantic poets but ideals for world of reality and matter.They have been recognized in all fields of life.Education is the first condition to make progress in life.So,they must be given the right to get education of their own choice.